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The politics of Kenya take place in a framework of a presidential representative democratic republic. the current president is Uhuru Kenyatta, who held several government posts before being elected president of Kenya in 2013. He was reelected in 2017.


Official languages

The official language of Kenya is Swahili.


By 2020, the total population of Kenya reached 53,771,000, of which around 28% is urban population. 

Figure XVI: Kenya: total population (16)

Figure XVII: Percentage of Population in Urban and Rural Areas in Kenya (17)

Ethnic group

the largest ethnic group, the Kikuyu, makes up 22% of the nation's total population, The five largest - Kikuyu, Luo, Luhya, Kamba and Kalenjin - account for 73%. 

Figure XVIII: Population Distribution by Ethnic Group in Kenya


The predominant religion in Kenya is Christianity. Approximately 85% of Kenyans are Christians (60% Protestant, 22% Catholic; about 15% are adherents of indigenous religions; 10% are Muslim. 

Figure XIX:  Population Distribution by Religion in Kenya



In 2020, Kenya’s economic growth averaged 6.3%, placing Kenya as one of the fastest growing economies in Sub-Saharan Africa. The recent economic expansion has been boosted by a stable macroeconomic environment, positive investor confidence and a resilient services sector. The GDP of Kenya reached 87,906million USD and the Per capital was 1,816.5USD in 2020.

In 2019, the share of agriculture in Kenya's gross domestic product was 34.15 percent, industry contributed approximately 16.15 percent and the services sector contributed about 43.22 percent. (18)

Kenya, like the other African countries, is suffering from the threatening diseases such as AIDS and malaria. By 2020, the number of people who lived with Aids was up to 1.6million, accounting for 3% of total population.  While the number of people who were infected with malaria was 3.00million, accounting for 5.6%, based on figures on UNdata.


The national educational system of Kenya consists of three levels: eight years of compulsory primary education (beginning at age six), four years at the secondary level, and four years of higher education. The government provides free primary and secondary education. By 2018, the literacy rate was 82%.

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